About Utah :
The state of Utah is located in Western United States. Also known as "Beehive State", it is the 13th largest state by area, 31st most populous state, and the tenth least densely populated state in the US. Salt Lake City is the state capital and also the largest city in the state. Utah has 29 counties.
History of Utah
Paleolithic people inhabited the Great Basin region's water sources, which had an abundance of food. The swamps and marshes around Great Basin were inhabited by them as these places provided them with plenty of food options such as birds, fish and other animals. The Fremont culture, between 600 and 1300 AD, flourished in the areas that had been previously populated by the Desert Archaic people. At least five Native American groups - the Goshute, the Paiute, the Shoshone, and the Ute people - were present when the first European explorers arrived. The southern region of the state was explored by the Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1540.
After the discovery of the Great Salt Lake in 1824, many American and Canadian traders established posts in the region. Followers of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), known as Mormon pioneers, arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. By 1850, they were able to achieve territorial status over the region. Statehood was officially granted to Utah on January 4, 1896. Today, the state is a hub of transportation, education, mining, and tourism.
Geography of Utah
Comprising an area of 84,899 square miles, the state's physical features range from arid deserts to pine forests. It borders Idaho to the north, Wyoming to the northeast, Colorado to the east, Nevada to the West, and Arizona to the south. Utah is part of the Four Corners, which is the only point in the US where four state borders meet.
The state is divided into three distinct regions: the Colorado Plateau in south and southeast, Basin and Range in the west, and the Middle Rocky Mountains in central Utah. The state has five national parks: Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion National Park. Great Salt Lake, Utah Lake, Sevier Lake, and Rush Lake are major water bodies in the state. Significant rivers in Utah include the Green River, San Juan River, Logan River, and White River. With an elevation of 4,125 meters, Kings Peak is the highest point in Utah.
Travel Destinations in Utah
Between alpine forests and dramatic deserts, Utah offers a little bit of everything. The skiing resorts are world-famous, with the Deer Valley in Park City offering upscale amenities and is often named as one of the top ski resorts in America. The Monument Valley, famous for its stunning crimson-colored mesas, is perhaps the most iconic landmark in the American West.
The Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, notable for sandstone canyons, is 1.9 million acres of unspoilt wilderness. Other notable must-visit attractions in Utah include the Temple Square, Hogle Zoo, Gilgal Sculpture Garden, and Lake Powell. The lake lies in the Glen Canyon National Reservation Area, encompassing 186 miles, with sandy beaches, red-rock landscape, and crystal blue waters.
Transportation in Utah
- Salt Lake City International Airport (SLC) is the primary gateway to Utah.
- Amtrak's California Zephyr runs through the state with stops in Green River, Helper, Provo, and Salt Lake City.
- I-15 (north-to-south) and I-80 (east-to-west) are the main interstate highways in the state.
Education in Utah
There are over 2,000 educational institutions scattered across cities and rural areas of the state. Among the most notable universities are the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Brigham Young University in Provo, and Utah State University in Logan. The state's flagship institution, University of Utah, offers more than 92 graduate degree programs.
Facts about Utah
Last Updated on: May 21, 2020
- The Great Salt Lake in northern Utah is the largest saltwater lake in the Western Hemisphere.
- Mountains in Utah have an average elevation of 11,222 feet, which is the highest of any US state.