Oregon is located in the Pacific Northwest region. Nicknamed the 'Beaver State', Oregon is the 9th largest state in the country. Comprising a population of 4,028,977, the Beaver State is the 27th most populous state in the country. Salem is the capital of Oregon, while Portland is its largest city. The state is divided into 36 counties.
History of Oregon
Prior to the 16th century, Oregon was inhabited by many native American tribes. Spanish explorers led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, were the first Europeans to arrive in Oregon in 1543. Following this, other European expeditions were undertaken to the region. Some of the popular expeditions and travelers to visit the state included James Cook, a British captain, who explored the coast in 1778, and the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which passed through the region while looking for the Northwest Passage. In the early 18th century, the United States began a joint settlement of the Oregon region with the United Kingdom. In the year 1846, the border between the US and Britain was peacefully defined and in 1859, Oregon was officially admitted to the Union as a state.
Geography of Oregon
Oregon covers an area of 98,381 square miles. It shares its borders with Washington on the north, California on the south, Idaho on the east and Nevada on the southeast. Located on the West is the Pacific Ocean. Oregon has a diverse landscape. The Coast Range sports a rainforest while the southeast is a barren desert. With a height of 11,249 feet, Mount Hood is the highest point in the state. Crater Lake National Park, which comprises the deepest lake in the US, is the only national park in Oregon. In the state is also located the world's shortest park, Mill Ends Park. The state is noted for its mild climate, and forest comprise around almost 46 percent of the area.
Travel Destinations in Oregon
The Crater Lake National Park attracts tourists from around the world who come here to witness its unique landscape. Located in northwest Oregon, Cannon Beach is quite popular among the tourists. Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art features Asian artworks and some artworks from Europe and America. Other places worth visiting in Oregon are Hell's Canyon National Recreation Area, Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area, Willamette Heritage Center at The Mill, Newport, Willamette National Forest, etc.
Transport in Oregon
The prominent airports in Oregon are: Portland International Airport, Mahlon Sweet Field, Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport, and Redmond Roberts Field. By rail, Amtrak connects Oregon to many prominent cities in other parts of the country. Some prominent interstate highways in Oregon are I-5, I-80N, I-82 and I-84.
Education in Oregon
There are 197 public school districts in the state. The Oregon University System handles seven public universities, with the University of Oregon being its flagship institution. Other notable universities include Portland State University and the Oregon Health and Science University.
Interesting Facts About Oregon
Last Updated on: February 21, 2020
- Oregon grows about 99 percent of all hazelnuts that are produced in the country.
- Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States.
- The flag of Oregon is two-sided. On the front is the escutcheon and on the reverse is the beaver. More Facts...