History of Montana
Montana had been inhabited by the indigenous population for centuries but in the early 19th century Europeans began to arrive in the region. The first group of white explorers to travel through Montana was The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-1806. Following this, the fur traders and trappers began to settle down in the area; however, by the 1840s fur trade began to dwindle. The Roman Catholic missionaries who made Montana their home following the trappers, established Saint Mary's Mission in the Bitterroot Valley. They also contributed to the development of the state by building a sawmill as well as promoting agriculture. With the discovery of gold many prospectors began flocking to the area. On may 26, 1864, Montana became a territory of the United States and in 1889 was admitted to the Union.
Geography of Montana
Montana covers an area of 147,040 square miles. Montana (It) shares its borders with four US states − North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Idaho; and three Canadian provinces − British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. Some of the prominent mountains in the state include Granite Peak, Mount Wood, Castle Peak, Castle Mountain, Mount Cleveland, among others (etc). Some river valleys in the state are Big Hole Valley, Bitterroot Valley, Gallatin Valley, Flathead Valley, and Paradise Valley. At Montana, you would come across diverse flora and fauna which include around 14 amphibian, 117 mammal, 427 bird species, 20 reptiles, among others. Granite Peak, which has a height of 12,807 feet, is the highest point in the state.
Prominent places to see in Montana include Glacier National Park, which comprises of spectacular mountain ranges, alpine meadows, thick forests, waterfalls, and other attractions; Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument remembers the 1876 battle between the US Army and Sioux and Cheyenne Indians; Museum of the Rockies displays a collection of dinosaurs, as well as their eggs. Some other places worth visiting are the C.M. Russell Museum Complex, the Grizzly and Wolf Discovery Center, the World Museum of Mining in Butte, and the Moss Mansion to name a few.
Transportation in Montana
Located eight miles northwest of Bozeman is the Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport. It is Montana's busiest airport. Montana's largest railroad is the BNSF Railway. Montana RailLink is a privately held Class II railroad. Apart from this, Amtrak's Empire Builder train crosses through the north of Montana. Some prominent interstate highways that transverse through the state are I-90, I-94 & I-15 among others.
Education in Montana
Some of the top ranked schools in Montana are Gardiner High School, Bozeman High School, Park High School, Frenchtown High School, Red Lodge High School, to name a few. Prominent universities are University of Montana, Montana State University, Montana State University Billings, University of Montana Western, Rocky Mountain College among others.
Interesting Facts About Montana
- The name of the state has been derived from montana, which is a Spanish word and means mountain.
- The state has the largest population of grizzly bears in the lower 48 states.
- Montana is a hub of beer microbrewing.
Last Updated on: February 22, 2020