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The state of Louisiana is located in the southern region of the United States. Nicknamed 'Bayou State', it is the 25th most populous state. Baton Rouge is the state capital while New Orleans is the largest city.
History of Louisiana
Indigenous cultures like Marksville, Fourche Maline, Poverty Point, Baytown, and Caddoan Mississippian thrived in the region in pre-Columbian era. Louisiana became a French colony in the 17th century. After the Seven Years' War, France ceded parts of the region to Spain, but reacquired it in 1800. In 1803, the US bought it from France in Louisiana Purchase and annexed it as the eighteenth state in 1812.
Louisiana joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. Post the Civil war, the state witnessed disfranchisement, segregation and migration of American Americans. In the 1950s and 60s, it played an active role in the Civil Rights Movement. More recently, it was in news when low-lying areas of the state were hit by the catastrophic Hurricane Katrina in August 2005.
Geography of Louisiana
Louisiana borders Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. Louisiana has two distinct geographical features: the uplands of the north and the alluvial region along the coast. The northern uplands features prairies and woodlands while the alluvial region includes swamp lands, coastal marshlands, and barrier islands. The major rivers of the state are the Mississippi River, the Red River, and the Ouachita River.
To the south, coastal wetlands of Louisiana are the fastest disappearing regions in the world. Driskill Mountain, at only 163 meters, is the highest point in the state. Louisiana has a humid sub-tropical climate with long, hot summers and short, mild winters.
Travel Destinations in Louisiana
Tourism is an important industry in Louisiana, thanks to its scenic beauty and vibrant culture. New Orleans is a melting pot of cultures and is famous for French Quarter, Mardi Gras Parade, Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, The National WWII Museum, Jackson Square, and New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival. Baton Rouge is renowned for its southern lifestyle and historical landmarks.
The Jean Lafitte Park offers a taste of Cajun traditions and an insight to the state's history. Chicot State Park, Lake Fausse Pointe State Park, and Tickfaw State Park provide ample opportunities for outdoor creation. The Melrose Plantation in Natchitoches, RW Norton Art Gallery in Shreveport, Vermilionville in Lafayette, Old State Capitol in Baton Rouge, and Sci-Port Discovery Center are some of the most-visited places in Louisiana.
Transportation in Louisiana
- By Air – Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) is the busiest airport in the state.
- By Train – Amtrak operates Crescent, Sunset Limited, and the City of New Orleans through the state.
- By Road – I-10, I-12, and I-20 are the primary interstate highways in the state.
Education in Louisiana
Each parish in Louisiana has one school district. Louisiana State University, Southern University, and University of Louisiana are the public institutions for higher education.
Facts about Louisiana
Last Updated on: February 21, 2020
- The state was named in honor of the King of France Louis XIV.
- It has the tallest state capitol building in the US, at 450 feet tall with 34 floors.
- Mardi Gras is celebrated annually in New Orleans. More Facts...